CAUSES

HUNGER

hunger-3There are 795 million undernourished people in the world today. That means one in nine people do not get enough food to be healthy and lead an active life. Hunger is the number one risk to health worldwide, and the good thing is that the problem of hunger is solvable. There is enough food in the world to feed everyone and no scientific breakthroughs are needed. Today’s knowledge, tools and policies, combined with political will, can solve the problem.

WATER CRISIS

water-crisisMore than 1.2 billion people lack clean drinking water everyday, and 2.8 billion people are affected at least once a month each year by water scarcity. Water scarcity is an abstract concept to many and a stark reality for others. Water is the foundation of life. And still today, all around the world, far too many people spend their entire day searching for it.

CLIMATE CHANGE

shutterstock_298797602Climate change refers to any significant change in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time. In other words, climate change includes major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among other effects, that occur over several decades or longer.

SPECIES EXTINCTION

species-extinctionSpecies disappear because of changes to the earth that are caused either by nature or by the actions of people. The main reason that many species are endangered or threatened today is because people have changed the homes or habitats upon which these species depend. Pollution can also affect wildlife and contribute to extinction. People can also endanger plants and animals by moving, or introducing, new species into areas where they do not naturally live. Some of these species do so well in their new habitat that they endanger those species already living there, called the native species. These introduced species are called invasive species.

HUMAN TRAFFICKING

shutterstock_146428322Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery in which traffickers use force, fraud, or coercion to control victims for the purpose of engaging in commercial sex acts or labor services against his/her will